Chrysanthemum :

These golden tropical flowers originate in the province of Eurasia. The two Greek Words 'Chrys' (meaning Golden) and 'Anthemon' (meaning Flower) make up the name of Chrysanthemums which own a frilly pompon pattern. These flowers are the most beautiful variety of the perennial plants and they start to bloom with the arrival of the fall season. Also known as ‘Mums’, Chrysanthemums were first harvested in Japan as a flowering herb during the 15th Century B.C. Known as “Kikus” there, Chrysanthemums are the most adored flower of Japan and also the most favorite flower of the month of November.

Chrysanthemum flowers are made up with numerous single flowers that are florets. The disk florets are in the middle of the flower head and the ray florets surround them. The s row of ray florets are of colors red, yellow and white. The disc florets are generally of color are yellow.

This radiant flower, in its natural golden color, is regarded by the Japanese culture as the sun’s logo. During the 8th century, the Emperor of Japan entitled the Chrysanthemum as his official emblem. In its cultivated color of White, Chrysanthemum upholds nothing but the integral and spotless truth, whereas the Red Chrysanthemum transmits to one’s partner the 3 timeless words of ‘I Love You’. The Yellow Chrysanthemum is a mark of love—but that which has been hurt. White/Blue/Green Chrysanthemums are also sent to be in accord with the pain of the family of a dead person.

The bloom forms are defined by the way in which the arrangement of the ray and disk florets classifies the Chrysanthemums into the following 4 types:

Irregular Incurves - The Disk florets are hidden in layers of curved ray florets that bent down to create a skirt-shape design.

Reflex Form - The disk florets are covered and the ray florets take an outward reflex thereby showing a mop-pattern look.

Pompon Form - A totally double-sized bulbous form.

Anemone Form - The spoon-like disk florets are in a heightened manner obscuring the spatula-like ray florets.

Spider Form - The disk florets are overshadowed and the ray florets have a tube-pattern with curved and spiked ends. The ray florets are attached loosely around the stem.